The Orthodox Church of Cyprus has been the dominant religious institution in Cyprus for centuries. Christianity was introduced in 45 CE by Paul the Apostle. The Apostle founded the Church of Cyprus, making it one of the oldest independent churches in the world. In modern-day Cyprus, the Orthodox Church continues to be influential in the culture, politics and daily life of the country. Many institutions and services continue to be sponsored by the church and the church also has various influence in government decision making. The Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus provides freedom of religion, and the Government generally respects this right, in practice towards its citizens.
Cypriot people are mostly relaxed in the practice of their faith. Religion influences many people’s sense of morality and their practice of cultural customs. However, one’s faith is a personal matter, and many religious activities are undertaken at home privately. Regular church or mosque attendance is still common among elderly Cypriots. However, fewer people among the younger generation believe in God. Often, members of the older generation take it upon themselves to organise the religious duties of other family members.